Welcome to the
Choice-making And Computer Technology for Unipolar depression (CACTUs) Lab!

Palo Alto University

What we do


Decision-making of individuals with depression

We seek to better understand the decision-making of depressed individuals, both in highly consequential decisions, such as decisions about treatment and health, and in everyday decisions. We use tools from the fields of judgment and decision-making and behavior economics to inform our work.


Internet-based resources for depression

Resources to help individuals with depression and other mental health problems are unavailable in most parts of the world. We aim to develop, evaluate, and deploy automated internet-based resources for depression to offer services to individuals in need.


Other topics

We also do other research that is broadly connected to depression, decisions, and technology, such as suicide, cultural factors in mental health, and healthcare utilization.

The Team

Current members

Jamie Giglio
7th year

Interests: Forensic psychology, specifically working with those incarcerated to end the "revolving door" of reentry into the justice system; reducing recidivism rates

Erica Hamlin
6th year

Research: Decision making, Cognitive Bias, Forensic Assessment
Clinical: Substance use disorders, Serious mental illness, Forensics, Assessment

Sariah Daouk
5th year

Interests: Mood Disorders; Suicide; Culture

Kalpana Sundaram
5th year

Interests: Internet interventions and mental health

Megan Sullivan
5th year

Research: Animal-Assisted Interventions; Decision-Making in Current and Former Foster Youth
Clinical: Child Psychology and serious mental illness 

Eunice Magat
4th year

Research: Interventions to further support children, parents, and educators associated with Special Education
Clinical: Child Psychology and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Eric Uhl
4th year

Research: Suicide, crisis interventions
Clinical: Serious mental Illness

Kaylin Jones
4th year

Research: Internet interventions for mental health and mental health treatment for Asian Americans
Clinical: Depression, anxiety, adolescents and emerging adults

Olivia Tabaczyk
4th year

Research: Client-therapist dyads, clinican emotional responses, psychometric modeling, and program evaluation
Clinical: Trauma

Hillary Kingman
3rd year

Research: Internet-based Interventions for Trauma and Co-occurring Disorders
Clinical: Trauma, Depression, Substance Use

Haley Raybin
3rd year

Research: Suicide, Internet-based interventions
Clinical: Depression, Anxiety, Trauma

Cedi McCorkle
2nd year

Research: Digital interventions and technology-based supports
Clinical: Anxiety, depression, and gender-related issues

Kyle Retzer
2nd year

Research: digital interventions, depression, treatment engagement
Clinical: mood disorders, anxiety disorders

Qimin Liu
2nd year

Research: Online interventions to alleviate symptoms of depression 
Clinical: Depression, mood disorders, and culturally informed psychotherapy

Isabelle Wong
2nd year

Research: Use of technology and mental health, implicit cues and behavioral modification, positive psychology/decision-making, mental health stigma and psychoeducation
Clinical: adverse childhood events, trauma/mood/stress disorders, posttraumatic growth


Danielle Spangler

Research: suicide and suicide prevention; internet interventions
Clinical: Trauma; PTSD; older adults

Ashley Baratz

Interests: Internet interventions for mental health; treatment decision makings; global mental health

Vidya Bharat
Alumna and Postdoc

Interests: Internet Interventions; Global Mental Health; Mental health issues pertaining to Substance use and Domestive Violence

Felipe Barba

Research: Ethnic and Sexual minority mental health; technology interventions.
Clinical: Family Work; Narrative Therapy; Psychoanalysis theory 

Bethany Young

Research: Morality, depression, and other factors that influence jury decision-making
Clinical: Assessment and Crisis Intervention within forensic setting

Alex Curland

Research: Internet interventions for mental health, treatment adherence, engagement, utilization
Clinical: Serious mental illness, psychotic disorders, depression

Chelle Tran

Research: Treatment-seeking and adherence; Ethnic minorities; Sexual minorities
Clinical: Transitional age youth and young adults; Outreach; Prevention; Early intervention

Danni Goodmann

Research: Internet interventions, culture and mental health, treatment seeking those who have experienced sexual assault
Clinical: Trauma, depression, cultural considerations in treatment, evidence based interventions

Anna Freedland

Research: Cultural influence on self-harm behaviors and attitudes toward depression, suicide, and treatment seeking
Clinical: Serious mental illness; forensic; gero; substance use 


Yan Leykin 

Research: judgment and decision-making in depression; cognitive behavioral interventions; internet interventions and other technology-based resources for mental health; suicide
Clinical: depression, OCD

Our Projects

Lab projects



BetterBET (Better Behaviors, Emotions, Thoughts) is a fully automated, interaction, self-pace eight-lesson depression management course based on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.


Mood Screener

An automated depression and suicidality screeener, available in 5 languages. Participants can sign up for monthly re-screening, for 12 months.


Ultimatum Game

Evaluate the decisions of individuals with symptoms of psychopathology in an economics experiment.  

Student-led projects


BetterBET gamification

Lead: Alex Curland

Can additing gamification elements improve adherence and engagement of users of an automated depression intervention?


Effect of depression on eyewithess identification

Lead: Jamie Giglio

Does depression interfere with the ability to make an accurate and confident eyewitness identification? 


Determination of capacity to stand trial

Lead: Erica Hamlin

Can an automated guided decision aid help forensic examiners determine perpetrator's capacity to stand trial?


Decision-making of former foster care youth

Lead: Megan Sullivan

How do individuals recently aged out of the foster care system make choices in a behavior economics game?


Treatment seeking for depression in the Arab region

Lead: Sariah Daouk

What factors influence the decision of individuals in the Arab world to seek or forgo treatment for depression?


Adapting microinterventions for India

Lead: Kalpana Sundaram

Would culturally adapted and personalized microinterventions for mood management perform better than standard ones?


Psycho-education intervention for Asian Americans

Lead: Kaylin Jones

Can an automated online psychoeducation intervention reduce stigma of mental illness in Asian Americans?


Improving perceptions of Special Ed students 

Lead: Eunice Magat

Which factors influence teachers' perception of special education students?


Enhancing suicide models with self-discrepancy theory

Lead: Eric Uhl

Can a leading model of suicide be enhanced by incorporating self-discrepancy theory constructs?


Using serious games therapeutically

Lead: Hillary Kingman

Can serious games teach people with comorbid trauma and depression the skills to improve their functioning?


Understanding the decision to pursue ECT

Lead: Hayley Raybin

What motivates people with depression to pursue ECT, and how can perception of ECT be improved? 

Past Projects


Micro-inverventions for sexual assault survivors

Lead: Danni Goodmann

Can automated micro-interventions help manage distress and improve mood for female sexual assault survivors?


Perception of depression treatment among Russians and Americans

Lead: Anna Freedland

Are there differences in the perceptions of depression and its treatment between Russians and Americans?


Planned transition in a student therapy clinic

Lead: Chelle Tran

What are the effects of planned transitions on clinical outcomes and treatment adherence? 


Representation of minorities in stories

Lead: Felipe Barba

Do people identifying as minorities prefer to see their identities reflected in the media?


Juror Decision-Making

Lead: Bethany Young

Depression can influences the decisions made by jurors, but its effects differ depending on the type of decisions.


Internet-Based Safety Plan

Lead: Danielle Spangler

An interactive and self-guided Internet-Based Safety Plan may be a useful tool for individuals at risk for suicide.


Mental Health among Indian IT Professionals

Lead: Vidya Bharat

IT professionals residing in India struggle with high rates of mental health difficulties, and would prefer digital interventions.


Decisions about depression treatment in Latin America

Lead: Ashley Elefant

Understanding considerations of depressed individuals in Latin America regarding treatment-seeking for depression.


Does depression influence decisions about joining clinical trials?

Depressed individuals are less rational when deciding on acceptable level of risk when joining clinical trials compared to individuals with chronic pain.


Depression Management Course

A fully-automated eight-lesson internet-based intervetnion for depression can reduce symptoms and improve depression-related self-efficacy, with improvements sustaining over several months. 


MINT: Mood-Improving Internet Tools

Micro-interventions for depression can improve mood and reduce distress. 


Treatment Decisions

Decisions regarding whether to seek depression treatment are influenced by understanding of treatments, goals for improvement, knowing others in treatment, and various other factors. 


National Institute of Mental Health 
American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
CTSI Strategic Opportunities Support
Google Ads
RWJ Health Disparities Working Group
UCSF Academic Senate 

Jessica Beeghly 
Molly Brennan
Juan Cabrera
Omar Contreras
Megan Davis
Katherine Giles
Supria Gill
Maggie Gross
Garrett Howard 
Uri Kugel 
Cedi McCorkle
Nida Naushad
Tara Rutter
Maria Fujiye
Carly Haeck
Melissa Latham
Ruchita Patel
Amala Shetty
Sarah Silva 

Rania Awaad
Suzanne Barakat
Alinne Barrera
Eduardo Bunge
Laura Dunn
Monica Garza
Nancy Liu
Ricardo Muñoz
Jedidiah Siev
Leandro Torres 


You can request publications below

* = student or research assistant from the CACTUs lab

  • Korte, C., Friedberg, R.D., Wilgenbusch, T., Paternostro, J.K., Brown, K., Kakolu, A., Tiller-Ormord, J., Baweja, R., Cassar, M., Barnowski, A., Movahedi, Y., Kohl, K., Martinez, W., Trafalis, S., & Leykin, Y. (In press). Intolerance of uncertainty and health-related anxiety amid the COVID-19 pandemic: Understanding and weathering the current storm. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings.
  • Moskowitz, J. T. , Addington, E. L., Shiu, E, Bassett, S. M., Schuette, S., Kwok, I., Grote, V. , Freedman, M. E., Leykin, Y., Saslow, L.R., Cohn, M.A, & Cheung, E. O. (In Press). Do facilitator contact, discussion boards, or virtual badges increase adherence to an online self-guided positive psychological intervention for depression? A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Pineda, B. S., Barrera, A. Z., Bunge, E., & Leykin, Y. (2021). Digital Tools for Prevention and Treatment of Depression: Lessons from the Institute for International Internet Interventions for Health. Clínica y Salud, 32, 37-40. https://doi.org/10.5093/clysa2021a2 
  • *Bharat, V., Bunge, E. L., Barrera, A. Z. & Leykin, Y. (2021). Emotional Well-Being of Information Technology Professionals Working in India. Journal of Indian Mental Health, 8(2), 140-147. 
  • *Goodmann, D., *Daouk, S., *Sullivan, M., Liu, N. H., Garza, M., Barakat, S., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2021). Factor analysis of depression symptoms across five broad cultural groups. Journal of Affective Disorders, 282, 227-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.12.159.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Leykin, Y., Barrera, A. Z., Dunn, L. B., Gutierrez, R., *Curland, R. A., Pineda, B. S. (2021). Who comes to a self-help depression prevention website? Characteristics of Spanish- and English-speaking visitors. Internet Interventions, 23, 100359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100359.
  • *Daouk, S., Awaad, R., Maklad, S., Ahmed, B., Barakat, S., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2021). Common and country-specific characteristics associated with suicidality in the Arab region. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 82(1), 19m13199. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.19m13199
  • Stephens, T. N., *Tran, M. M., Bunge, E. L., Liu, N. H., Barakat, S., Garza, M. Leykin, Y. (2020). Children and adolescents attempting to participate in a worldwide online depression screener. Psychiatry Research, 22(7), 291, 113250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113250
  • Lungu, A., Jun, J. J., Azarmanesh, O., Leykin, Y., Chen, C. E. (2020). Effectiveness of a blended CBT intervention for depression and anxiety in real world settings. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(7), e18723. DOI: 10.2196/18723
  • Bond, M. H., Bunge, E. L., Barrera, A. Z., Leykin, Y., Wickham, R. E., Barlow, M. R., Ceja, A. M., Muñoz, R. F. (2020) Development and Usability of a Spanish/English Smoking Cessation Website: Lessons Learned. mHealth. Epub, http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/mhealth-19-255  
  • *Curland, R. A., *Tran, M. M., *Barba, F, & Leykin, Y. (2020). Depressed individuals’ reasons for and against trying to get better. Clinical Psychologist. Epub. https://doi.org/10.1111/cp.12211 
  • *Bharat, V., Habarth, J., Keledjian, N., & Leykin, Y. (2020). Association between subjective social status and facets of depression self-stigma. Journal of Community Psychology, 48(3), 1059–1065. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22314 
  • *Tran, M. M., *Curland, R., A. & Leykin, Y. (2020). The association between personal knowledge of individuals with emotional or mental problems on treatment-seeking. Psychiatric Services, 71(4), 393-396. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201900190 
  • *Spangler, D. A., Muñoz, R. F., Chu, J., & Leykin, Y. (2020). Perceived utility of the Internet-Based Safety Plan in a sample of Internet users screening positive for suicidality. Crisis, 41(2), 146-149. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000600. 
  • *Spangler, D. A., Muñoz, R. F., Chu, J., & Leykin, Y. (2019). Utilization of an automated Internet-based Safety Plan. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science, 5, 129-138. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41347-019-00120-y 
  • Siev, J., Lit, K., Leykin, Y. (2019). Perceived Decision-Making Styles Among Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive and Hoarding Disorders. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. Epub. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocrd.2019.100472 
  • Addington, E. L., Cheung, E. O., Bassett, S. M., Kwok, I., Schuette, S. A., Shiu, E., Yang, D., Cohn, M., Leykin, Y., Saslow, L. R., Moskowitz, J. T. (2019). Feasibility and enhancement of an online intervention to improve emotion regulation in people with elevated depressive symptoms. Journal of Affective Disorders, 257, 352-364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.07.049 
  • Dickter, B., Bunge, E. L., Brown, L., Leykin, Y., Furay, E. E., Van Voorhees, B., Marko, M., Gladstone, T. (2019). Impact of an online depression prevention intervention on suicide risk factors for adolescents and young adults. mHealth, 5, 11. https://doi.org/10.21037/mhealth.2019.04.01 
  • Kaplan, C. P., Siegel, A., Leykin, Y., Palmer, N. R., Borno, H., Bielenberg, J., Livaudais-Toman, J., Ryan, C., Small, E. J. (2018). A bilingual, Internet-based, targeted advertising campaign for prostate cancer clinical trials: Assessing the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a novel recruitment strategy. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 12, 60-67. doi: 10.1016/j.conctc.2018.08.005. 
  • Cheung, E. O, Addington, E. L., Bassett, S. M., Schuette, S. A., Shiu, E. W., Cohn, M. A., Leykin, Y., Saslow, L. R., Moskowitz. J. T. (2018). A Self-Paced, Web-Based, Positive Emotion Skills Intervention for Reducing Symptoms of Depression: Protocol for Development and Pilot Testing of MARIGOLD. JMIR research protocols 7(6), e10494. doi: 10.2196/10494. 
  • Bunge, E., Cook, H. M., Bond, M., Williamson, R. E., Cano, M., Barrera, A. Z., Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F. (2018). Comparing Amazon Mechanical Turk with unpaid internet resources in online clinical trials. Internet Interventions, 12, 68-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.04.001 
  • *Naushad, N., Dunn, L. B., Muñoz, R. F., Leykin, Y. (2018). Depression increases subjective stigma of chronic pain. Journal of Affective Disorders, 229, 456-462. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.12.085 
  • *Gill. S. K., Muñoz, R. F., Leykin, Y. (2018). The influence of perceived stress and depression on suicide-related beliefs in Caucasian and Indian adults. Crisis, 39(2), 127-136. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000492. 
  • Beard, C. L., Stephens, T. N., Bunge, E. L., Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F. (2017). Mood management effects of a brief behavioral activation internet intervention. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science, 2, 163-170. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41347-017-0026-2 
  • Leykin, Y., Dunn, L. B., Muñoz, R. F. (2017). The effect of depression on the decision to join a clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 85(7), 751-756. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000212 
  • *Elefant, A., Contreras, O., Bunge, E. L., Muñoz, R. F., Leykin, Y. (2017). Micro-interventions produce immediate, but not lasting benefits in mood and distress. Internet Interventions, 10, 10-14. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2017.08.004. 
  • Muñoz, R. F., Leykin, Y., Barrera, A. Z., Torres, L. D., Brown, C. H., Bunge, E. L. (2017). The impact of phone calls on follow-up rates in an online depression prevention study. Internet Interventions, 8, 10-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2017.02.001 
  • *Rutter, T. M., *Gross, M. S., Barakat, S., Dilley, J. W., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2016). Sexual orientation and help-seeking for symptoms of depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 206, 87-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.07.003 
  • Bunge, E.L., Williamson, R. E., Cano, M., Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F. (2016). Mood management effects of brief unsupported Internet interventions. Internet Interventions. 5, 36-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2016.06.001 
  • Kaplan, C. P., Nápoles, A. M., Narine, S., Gregorich, S., Livaudais-Toman, J., Nguyen, T., Leykin, Y., Roach, M., Small E. J. (2015). Knowledge and attitudes regarding clinical trials and willingness to participate among prostate cancer patients. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 45(Pt B), 443-448. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2015.09.023. 
  • Aguilera, A., Schueller, S. M., Leykin, Y. (2015). Daily mood ratings via text message as a proxy for clinic based depression assessment. Journal of Affective Disorders, 175(1), 471-474. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.01.033. 
  • Muñoz, R. F. Sorensen, J. L., Areán, P. A., Lieberman, A., Fields, A., Gruber, V. A, Hall, S. M, Kramer, J. M., Leykin, Y. McBurnett, K., McQuaid, J. R., Pfiffner, L. J., Prochaska, J. J., Scheidt, S. D., Shumway, M., Tsoh, J. Y., van Horn, P., Sosa, H., & McNiel, D. E. (2015). Scientist–practitioner training at the internship and postdoctoral level: reflections over three decades. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 9(2), 105–112. https://doi.org/10.1037/tep0000058 
  • Liu, N. H., *Contreras, O., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2014). Assessing suicide attempts and depression among Chinese speakers over the internet. Crisis, 35(5), 322-329. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000261. 
  • Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F., *Contreras, O., *Latham, M. D. (2014). Results from a trial of an unsupported internet intervention for depressive symptoms. Internet Interventions, 1(4), 175-181. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2014.09.002 
  • *Gill, S., *Contreras, O., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2014). Participant retention in an automated online monthly depression rescreening program: patterns and predictors. Internet Interventions, 1(1), 20-25. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2014.02.003. 
  • *Gross, M. S., *Liu, N. H., Muñoz, R. F., *Contreras, O., & Leykin, Y. (2014). Using Google AdWords for international multilingual recruitment to health research websites. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16(1), e18. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2986. 
  • Leykin, Y., Aguilera, A., Pérez-Stable, E. J., & Muñoz, R. F. (2013). Prompting depression treatment seeking among smokers: A comparison of participants from six countries in an internet stop smoking RCT. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 31(3), 238-247. doi: 10.1080/15228835.2013.812502. 
  • Schueller, S. M., Leykin, Y., Pérez-Stable, E. J., & Muñoz, R. F. (2013). Selection of intervention components in an Internet Stop Smoking participant preference trial: Beyond randomized controlled trials. Psychiatry Research, 205(1-2), 159-64. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.08.030 
  • Geraghty, A. W. A., Torres, L. D., Leykin, Y., & Muñoz, R. F., (2013). Understanding attrition from international internet health interventions: A step towards global eHealth. Health Promotion International, 28(3), 442-452. 10.1093/heapro/das029. 
  • Fisher, C. E., Dunn, L. B., Christopher, P, P., Holzheimer, P. E., Leykin, Y., Mayberg, H. S., Lisanby, S., H., Appelbaum, P. S. (2012). The ethics of research on deep brain stimulation for depression: decisional capacity and therapeutic misconception. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1265(1), 69-79. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06596.x. 
  • Muñoz, R. F., Aguilera, A., Schueller, S. M., Leykin, Y., & Pérez-Stable, E. J. (2012). From online randomized controlled trials to participant preference studies: Morphing the San Francisco Stop Smoking site into a worldwide smoking cessation resource. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 14(3), e64. doi: 10.2196/jmir.1852. 
  • Aguilera, A., Leykin, Y., Adler, N. E., & Muñoz, R. F. (2012). Assessing the impact of relative social position and absolute community resources on depression and obesity among smokers. American Journal of Community Psychology, 50(0), 211-6. doi: 10.1007/s10464-012-9492-z 
  • Leykin, Y., Thekdi, S. M., Shumay, D. M., Muñoz, R. F., Riba, M., & Dunn, L. B. (2012). Internet interventions for improving psychological well-being in psycho-oncology: Review and recommendations. Psycho-Oncology. 21(9), 1016-25. doi: 10.1002/pon.1993. 
  • Muñoz, R. F., Beardsley, W. R., & Leykin, Y. (2012). Major depression can be prevented. American Psychologist, 67(4), 285-292. doi: 10.1037/a0027666 
  • Christopher, P. P., Leykin, Y., Appelbaum, P. S., Holtzheimer, P. E., Mayberg, H. S., & Dunn, L. B. (2012). Enrolling in deep brain stimulation research for depression: Influences on decision making. Depression and Anxiety, 29(2), 139-46. doi: 10.1002/da.20916. 
  • Hilton, J. F., Barkoff, L., Chang, Olivia, Ratanaeongsa, N., Sarkar, U., Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F., Thom, D. H., & Kahn, J. A. (2012). A cross-sectional study of barriers to personal health record use among patients attending a safety-net clinic. PLoS One, 7(2), e31888. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031888 
  • Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F. & *Contreras, O. (2012). Are consumers of Internet health information “cyberchondriacs”? Characteristics of 24,965 users of a depression screening site. Depression and Anxiety, 29(1), 71-77. doi: 10.1002/da.20848 
  • Leykin, Y., Aguilera, A., Torres, L. D., Pérez-Stable, E. J., & Muñoz, R. F. (2012). Interpreting the outcomes of automated Internet-based trials: Example of an international smoking cessation study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 14(1), e5. doi: 10.2196/jmir.1829. 
  • Leykin, Y., Christopher, P. P. Holtzheimer, P. E., Appelbaum, P. S., Mayberg, H. S., Lisanby, S. H., & Dunn, L. B. (2011). Participants’ perceptions of deep brain stimulation research for treatment-resistant depression: Risks, benefits, and therapeutic misconception. AJOB Primary Research. 2(4), 33-41. doi: 10.1080/21507716.2011.627579 
  • Leykin, Y., Weingardt, K, R. & Cucciare, M. A. (2011). Differential effects of online training on job-related burnout among substance abuse counselors. Journal of Substance Use, 16(2), 127-135. DOI: 10.3109/14659891.2010.526168 
  • Leykin, Y., Aguilera, A., Torres, L. D., & Muñoz, R. F. (2011). Factor structure of CES-D delivered on the Internet in Spanish and English. Psychiatry Research, 185(1-2), 269-274. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2010.04.056 
  • Leykin, Y., *Roberts, C. S., & DeRubeis, R. J. (2011). Decision-making and depressive symptomatology. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 35(4), 333-341. DOI: 10.1007/s10608-010-9308-0 
  • Muñoz, R. F., Cuijpers, P., Smit, P. Barrera, A. Z., & Leykin, Y. (2010). Prevention of major depression. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 6, 181-212. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-033109-132040 
  • Leykin, Y. & DeRubeis, R. J. (2010). Decision-making styles and depressive symptomatology. Judgment and Decision Making, 5(7), 506-515. 
  • Leykin, Y. & DeRubeis, R. J. (2009). Allegiance in psychotherapy outcome research: Separating association from bias. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 16(1), 54–65. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2850.2009.01143.x 
  • Leykin, Y., DeRubeis, R. J., Shelton, R. C., & Amsterdam, J. D. (2007). Changes in patients’ beliefs about the causes of their depression following successful treatment. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 31(4), 437-449. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-007-9130-5 
  • Leykin, Y., DeRubeis, R. J., Gallop, R, Amsterdam, J. D., Shelton, R. C., & Hollon, S. D. (2007). The relation of patients’ treatment preferences to outcome in a randomized clinical trial. Behavior Therapy. 38(3), 209-217. DOI: 10.1016/j.beth.2006.08.002 
  • Leykin, Y., Amsterdam, J. D., DeRubeis, R. J., Gallop, R., Shelton, R. C., & Hollon, S. D. (2007). Progressive resistance to SSRI therapy but not to cognitive therapy in the treatment of moderate to severe major depressive episode. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 75(2), 267-76. DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.75.2.267 
  • Neylan, T. C., Lenoci, M. A., Maglione M. L., Rosenlicht, N. Z., Leykin, Y., Metzler, T. J., Schoenfeld, F. B., & Marmar, C. R. (2003). The effect of nefazodone on subjective and objective sleep quality in post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 64(4), 445-50. DOI: 10.4088/jcp.v64n0415 

Request papers

If you are interested in any of these publications, please write to us using the form below.  


1791 Arastradero Rd.
Palo Alto, CA 94304


Email: yleykin {AT} paloaltou.edu Phone: 650-417-2017                     

Built with Mobirise - See here